The Wolf House follows Maria, a younger German-Chilean lady who, escaping from an unseen hazard — the wolf of the title — takes shelter in a run-down home inhabited by two mutating, anthropomorphic piglets.
Drawing on the fable of the Three Little Pigs, the plot was impressed by the true story of the ‘Colonia Dignidad’ (Dignity Colony) in Chile, a secretive group based by German émigrés within the many years after World War II. Dignity Colony was managed from the early 1960s by way of the late 1990s by the infamous former Nazi and baby abuser Paul Schäfer. The colony-turned-cult was supported by successive far-right Chilean politicians and collaborated with Pinochet’s dictatorship, serving as a secret camp for detention and torture.
Unsettlingly, La Casa Lobo is narrated by a portrayal of the colony’s chief, Schäfer. The disturbing concept of changing a toddler rapist and political assassin into the film’s narrator was influenced by an in depth archive of the colony’s audiovisual materials, studied by the filmmakers throughout analysis for the film.
As Cristóbal León explains, these movies and footage, which portrayed completely satisfied household scenes and members enjoying sports activities, have been actually propagandized cowl for a gender-segregated group the place youngsters have been separated from their mother and father, and intercourse and relationships have been forbidden. “Using this material as a starting point,” says León, “we imagined the movie as propaganda to prevent members’ decampment.” The movie’s tone was conceived as “Paul Schäfer’s imaginary, lost film, as if he had attempted to become a South Chilean version of Walt Disney,” however might solely ever quantity to a poor, neo-Nazi model of the latter.
The sinister presence of those historic parts is in truth a coming to phrases with Chile’s current previous. “Our main intention,” displays León, “was to transform this political horror into a horror fairy-tale.” During the analysis course of, the filmmakers found that the German members of the group used to name their Chilean neighbors ‘schweine’ (German for ‘pigs’). This led them to conceive of the 2 youngsters within the story as piglets, and depict their progressive transformation into Aryan people as an ironic joke aping the group’s racial ideology.
León acknowledges a specific obsession with fairy tales and the best way Chilean colonial tradition might contribute to them. “Fairy tales have always been a natural source of inspiration for animation,” he explains. The administrators have been extra drawn to the unique fairy tales as documented by the Brothers Grimm and different writers, that don’t omit perverse particulars resembling rape, homicide, and incestuous relationships.
Key influences throughout movie manufacturing have been the works of British painter Francis Bacon and David Lynch’s Eraserhead (1977). Adds Joaquín Cociña, different sources of inspiration akin to Jan Svankmajer, Brothers Quay, and William Kentridge weren’t instantly referenced however, as a part of the filmmakers’ cultural background, inevitably influenced their work.
The administrators, who studied totally different artwork disciplines on the University of Arts in Santiago, shared a mutual curiosity in combining animation and visible arts. Together with the American director of images Niles Atallah, they directed the animated shorts Lucía (2007) and Luis (2008). Many of the cinematic traits characterizing La Casa Lobo are already seen in these earlier works, like using large-scale units, the strategy of wall-painted animation, the claustrophobic dream-like staging, and the voice-over narrator.
Production of La Casa Lobo was funded by means of a number of artist-in-residency grants in Europe and Latin America. Being hosted by these organizations allowed the filmmakers to spare bills reminiscent of touring prices and workplace lease.
The duo accepted provides to remain at artwork galleries and museums offered guests might watch them through the animation course of. León explains that this determination allowed them to concurrently exhibit their work and make progress on filming by means of the complete film manufacturing interval. He provides that for 5 years, “our installations consisted of a small model house with us working inside along with the puppets and technical equipment.”
Filming didn’t comply with a selected order, beginning with the hearth scene from the second half of the movie after which going again to the start to shoot the primary half, earlier than ultimately re-shooting sure segments once more. This allowed for a number of script modifications and enhancements. Even the inventive methods advanced in the course of the course of, with a rising choice for mannequin animation over the wall-painted method.
Due to the open and experimental nature of the challenge, and the truth that they stored rewriting and amending the script throughout filming, the filmmakers set themselves ten guidelines to impose some artistic restrictions. These guidelines, based mostly on their expertise with earlier brief movies, have been:
- Painting is completed in entrance of the digital camera (the one means they needed to verify animation development was the small display of the digital camera, in order that they didn’t fear about creating clean, strong animation).
- There are not any puppets (within the sense of typical, rigged puppets).
- Everything can turn into a sculpture (which means that every part within the body may be sliced, chopped, reworked, or animated).
- There is not any fade to black.
- The film is an extended sequence shot.
- It needs to be a traditional film (regular which means it follows a linear narrative).
- Color is symbolic.
- The digital camera by no means stands nonetheless between frames (it continuously retains shifting).
- María is gorgeous (the protagonist’s distinctive options, corresponding to blonde hair and blue eyes, remained secure by means of the entire film).
- It is a workshop, not a movie set (proof of the artistic course of, comparable to strings holding the figures, can seem on digital camera).
This algorithm served to hurry up the animation course of. For instance, rule eight negated the danger of by chance shifting the digital camera. But additionally they posed some further issues. As the film was shot in numerous totally different artwork galleries and workshop areas, guidelines 4 and 5 introduced a problem, however have been overcome by zooming right into a portion of the body throughout transitions to new studio places.
Despite their curiosity in different disciplines, animation stays essential to each filmmakers. León doesn’t have a direct undertaking deliberate however guarantees to return again to animation once more sooner or later, describing it as “the only artistic medium that allows the combination of all the disciplines that interest me most,” together with literature, sculpture, portray, sound, and music.
Cociña’s present venture is the animated brief movie Strange Creatures, tailored from the children’s book of the same name. The ebook was co-written by Cristina Sitja, who additionally offered the illustrations and can co-direct the movie, scheduled for launch in 2019.
La Casa Lobo (The Wolf House) is at present enjoying on the movie pageant circuit around the globe, together with this week on the Festival du nouveau cinéma in Montreal, Canada.